Australia and New Zealand - Tundra Alpine

Only one area in Australia and New Zealand has elevations high enough and temperatures cold enough to be classified as an alpine ecosystem, the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Australia is largely flat because of its quiet tectonic disposition and age (it is considered the oldest continent in the world with millions of years for erosion to wear down most topography). The landscape of New Zealand on the other hand is geologically young with volcanic activity occurring periodically to this day.