South America - Woodland Savanna

In South and Central America savannas and woodlands are often referred to as cerradao, llanos, campos cerrados, campos sujos, pampas, sabana and campos limpos. Savanna systems are distributed from Venezuela and Columbia in the North, to central Argentina in the South and are situated east of the Andes Mountains. The widespread practice of burning, clearing and cultivating forest lands has led to the establishment of many man-made savannas. Many of the plant species present, including the tree genus Byrsonima and Curatella, are relics of Gondwanaland.