Eurasian Mediterranean Woodland

Forests are widely dispersed along the Mediterranean coastline, but their cover is often a reflection of human activities, such as clearing for agriculture. Given the extensive history of humans in the Mediterranean Basin, it is therefore difficult to determine what level of impact humans have had on the potential natural vegetation after centuries of settlement. Currently, woodlands exist along the Levantine Sea coastline along the political borders of Lebanon, Israel and Jordan, and extend inland through Syria and Turkey. Three types of woodland communities are typical of this region: broadleaf schlerophyllous vegetation; Aleppo, Callabrian and Anatolian black Pine (Pinus halepensis, P. brutia, P. nigra ssp. pallasiana); and drought tolerant oak species (Quercus spp).